REASONS FOR THE COMING OF THE MILITARY INTO NIGERIAN POLITICS IN 1966:
- Regionalization Of Political Parties: One
of the causes of army take – over of government
in Nigeria was the regionalization of political
parties. The political parties tha existed in Nigeria especially during the
first republic were regionally based. None of them
had a broad national outlook and
as a result they leaned on their various ethnic groups order to get support. This fanning of embers
of ethnic consciousness proved injurious to the nation hence, the taking over of government by the military in
order to save tr nation from imminent cataclysm.
- Desire To Control The Federal
Government: Politics, especially ethnic politics by nature, generates
conflicts of varying magnitudes with consequences of different complexities.
The desire to control the centre engendered ethnic
political competition because, the politicians view the control of the Federal Government by any
political party, as automatic control by the ethnic group where the party was
rooted. This will afford them the opportunity to share and get more of the national cake. This acrimonious
ethnic politics competition attracted the army
who acted as unbiased umpire.
- Tribalising And Politicizing The
Army: The Nigerian army ‘ the
first republic was tribalised and politicized. The army V used by the politicians to achieve what they
failed to achieve through the ballot boxes.
- Corrupton And Nepotism: Large
scale corruption and nepotism that pervaded the first
and second republics, played a
major role in the military intervention in politics in Niger! Corruption and
nepotism took the form of looting of public treasury,
parading of ill-gotten wealth before the hungry and-toiling masses, the appointment and
promotion of civil servants and distribution of amenities based on ethnic
factors, etc. The above evils prepared the stage and acted as open invitation
for military intervention in Nigeria’s body polity.
- Economic Mismanagement:
The military comes to power with
the hope of righting the economic wrongs done by the civilians. The civilians embarked on
prestigious and economically
unviable projects with the aim of getting “ten percent” all these ruined the
economy and invited the khaki boys to power.
- Mal-Administration: Bad administration in Nigeria has contributed to frequent coups that
occurred in the country. Many square pegs
who found themselves in round holes through ethnic’support failed to
administer the country very well hence the intervention of the military.
Influence: The frequent coups we have experienced in Nigeria nay Africa
had foreign influence as contributing factors. The so – called big powers support
and even sponsor the removal of any administration that fails to dance to their whims
Of Other Coups: Coups on African continent tend ,to be infectious. Despite
the prevailing conditions at the time coup d’etat took place, Nigeria’s first coup was
mainly influenced by the coup of
January 1966 in the Central African Republic
which ushered in Colonel Jean Bokassa, as
well as the Colonel Lamizana putsch in Upper Volta now Burkina Faso on January