Outline the major features of the constitution of a state

  1. PREAMBLE: A constitution contains a preamble which
    declares its aspiration and the ideological
    stand of the constitution.
  2. THE
    SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT:
    A constitution defines the system of
    government that operates in a country, for example, it
    states whether the system of government
    is parliamentary or presidential.
  3. THE
    TENURE OF OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT: A constitution states how long a government
    can stay in office. For instance, the Nigerian
    constitution slates that a government
    must stay in office for four years.
  4. THE
    SCOPE AND FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT:  A constitution defines the powers and duties
    of the three organs of government namely, the
    legislature, the executive, and the judiciary.
  5. THE POLITICAL STRUCTURE: It states
    the types of political structure in a country, for instance, whether a country is unitary or
    federal or confederal. 
  6. FUNDAMENTAL
    OBJECTIVES OF THE STATE: A constitution states the fundamental
    objectives and principles of
    a country, for example, the constitution of Nigeria states that the country is based on the principles
    of democracy and social justice.
  7.  HOW
    POLITICAL LEADERS ARE ELECTED: A constitution states how the political
    leaders of a country can be elected, e.g. It states
    whether they can be elected by simple majority
    votes or by absolute majority.
  8.  THE PARTY
    SYSTEM: A constitution states the type of party system a country must operate. There could be a zero party system, one
    party system, two party system or
    multi-party system.
  9.  CITIZENSHIP: A
    constitution defines the qualification for citizenship. It defines who the citizen of a country are and
    how citizenship can be acquired.
  10. THE PROCESS OF
    AMENDMENT: A constitutions states the process by which
    it can be amended. This is very common with
    all rigid constitutions where the methods of amending the
    constitution are clearly stated in the constitution.
  11.  FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS: It defines the rights of citizens, their-duties and obligations to
    the state.

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