PREAMBLE: A constitution contains a preamble which
declares its aspiration and the ideological
stand of the constitution.
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: A constitution defines the system of
government that operates in a country, for example, it
states whether the system of government
is parliamentary or presidential.
TENURE OF OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT: A constitution states how long a government
can stay in office. For instance, the Nigerian
constitution slates that a government
must stay in office for four years.
SCOPE AND FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT: A constitution defines the powers and duties
of the three organs of government namely, the
legislature, the executive, and the judiciary.
THE POLITICAL STRUCTURE: It states
the types of political structure in a country, for instance, whether a country is unitary or
federal or confederal.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STATE: A constitution states the fundamental
objectives and principles of
a country, for example, the constitution of Nigeria states that the country is based on the principles
of democracy and social justice.
POLITICAL LEADERS ARE ELECTED: A constitution states how the political
leaders of a country can be elected, e.g. It states
whether they can be elected by simple majority
votes or by absolute majority.
SYSTEM: A constitution states the type of party system a country must operate. There could be a zero party system, one
party system, two party system or
constitution defines the qualification for citizenship. It defines who the citizen of a country are and
how citizenship can be acquired.
THE PROCESS OF
AMENDMENT: A constitutions states the process by which
it can be amended. This is very common with
all rigid constitutions where the methods of amending the
constitution are clearly stated in the constitution.
FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS: It defines the rights of citizens, their-duties and obligations to