Agriculture can be define as the art which deals with the production of plants and animals for the benefit of man through a set of activities collectively referred to as farming.
These benefits includes:
Provision of food, employment, income to farmers, shelter, medicinal herbs, etc.
Agriculture also helps in the provision of raw materials such as gum, resin, cocoa, groundnut, etc for agro-based industries.
It’s also important to know that the term ”Agriculture” is derived from the Latin word “ ager’or “ agri ” meaning “soil” and “ cultura” meaning cultivation.
Agriculture can be seen as a set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for human use. Agriculture concerns techniques, including the application of agronomic research.
Agriculture can be termed as a science, an art & business altogether.
it is a Science because it provides new and improved strain of crop and animal with the help of the knowledge of breeding and genetics, modern technology of dairy science.
An art because it is the management whether it is crop or animal husbandry.
It is also a Business because the entire agril produce is linked with marketing, which brings in the question of profit or loss.
The Agricultural sector is the most important industry in the world.
In a true sense, it is a productive unit where the free gifts of nature—land, light, air, temperature, rainwater, humidity etc are integrated into a single primary unit (crop plants or their usable parts) indispensable for human beings.
The secondary productive units namely, animals including livestock, birds and insects feed on these primary units and provide concentrated end products such as meat, milk, eggs, honey, wool, hide, silk and lac etc.
Agriculture provides us food, feed, fiber, fuel, furniture, raw materials and feedback materials for and from factories, funds and flood control. A free, fair and fresh environment, abundant food driving out famine and friendship eliminating fights.
It also considers employment generation, economics, education, ecology, energy consumption, use of equipment, an earning for production, protection, processing, consumption, preservation and war against wastage, transport and trade.
The cultural energies of production are draft power, farm equipment, irrigation water, fertilizers and manures, chemicals (herbicides/pesticides/growth hormones) and electricity for preservation.