Idealism: an idealist is one who accepts and lives by lofty moral aesthetic and religious standards, or one who is able to visualize, and who advocate some plans or programme that do not yet exist. Hence, idealism explains that the value of life are grounded in a realm beyond individual and social groups and can be grasped by mental activities.
Characteristics of an idealist:
- They are enthusiastic in nature
- They trust their intuition
- They yearn romance
- They try to know the reality are
- They pride themselves on being loving
- They love and are kindhearted.
Realism: A realist have a firm grip on reality and can see things for what they are, not what they are told they are. Realists have their own views and do not fall victim to propaganda, misconception or titles.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements. [Wikipedia]
Existentialism: existentialism therefore is known as philosophy of human existence because it concerns itself with human existence and also with all difficulties and peculiarities of existence.
According to the existentialism, to exist does not just mean to be there. It goes beyond this.
To them, to exist means to be personally committed to a certain way of life, for instance, to be an active participant but not a passive one.