Does any one here know when Nysc was introduced in Nigeria?
please give extra important details of the history of the NYSC program in Nigeria
NYSC; National Youth Service Corps was established on 22 May, 1973 by the then federal administration of Nigeria.
This was an avenue for the reconciliation, reconstruction, and rebuilding of the nation after the
It was established based on decree No. 24 that stated that the scheme was created “with a view to the proper encouragement and development of common ties among the youths of Nigeria and the promotion of national unity”.
Since this was aimed at promoting unity in the country; a country trying to recover from a just -ended civil war (the Biafra war) it then made sense that the scheme be used to send young Nigerians to other regions of the country and gain some acquaintance with other cultures.
So, graduates of Nigerian universities were deployed to region regions other than their region of origin for a compulsory one year of service to their fatherland.
This one year service is usually called National service year.
Usually, at the start of the youth service new graduates are deployed to their region of service for a three weeks orientation in an NYSC camp.
Here they are trained by military officials.
There will be a “passing out ceremony” at the end of this three weeks orientation camp.
After this, they are then posted to their places of primary assignment for the remaining ten months of their service year.
Their primary places of assignment could be schools for those who didn’t study professional courses or the industry where their skill is needed is an undeveloped one in the country.
They work like full staff of their primary place of assignment but are normally given a day off in a week.
This is the day they use for their community development projects.
Corps members are at times deployed to help in public services such as the INEC activities (as in the conduct of elections in the country), the national population commission activities (such as census), NIMC and a host of other public organizations.
After this 11months of service, they will embark on a 4 weeks holiday.
Their final passing out parade follows immediately after this holiday.
It should be noted that there is exemption from service those above the age of 30 or those with physical disability.
This group of persons is however issued an NYSC exemption certificate.
NYSC is compulsory for all Nigerian fresh graduates as anyone who does not participate in the national service will not be eligible for employment in the country.