Why do some West African countries adopt the Unitary system of government while others do not?

Some West African
countries adopt the Unitary System of government while others do not for some of the
reasons below. 
  • Population: A country with very small
    population may find it very convenient to
    operate the Unitary system rather than Federal
    system. Examples include Gambia and Ghana. 
  • Flexible Constitution: A state or country
    that is relatively new may wish to adopt Unitary System because the Unitary
    Constitution is generally flexible  and
    easy to amend to meet changing situations.
  • Insufficiency of  Natural Resources: If a country does
    not have enough natural resources, a unitary system of government would be
    preferred. 
  •  Size of the Country: The Unitary system is suitable for a
    country which is small in size. It allows
    for uniform administration.
  •  Homogenous population: If the people of a country have the same
    culture, language etc, the Unitary system
    rather than the Federal system of government
    would be preferred.
  •  Absence of Minority Groups: Unitary system
    will work well where there are no minority groups..
  •  Lack of fear of domination: In a country where
    the different sections of the nation do not fear any form of domination, the
    unitary system could easily be adopted.

In addition to the
above, some countries may want to adopt the unitary system because of its numerous advantages and features such as: 
  • Cheaper to Run: The
    system reduces cost of administration 
  • Speedy Decision
    Making
  •  Uniform Development
  •  Promotion of
    National Unity: Since the people are loyal to one government,
    National unity can easily be achieved
  •  Absence of conflict;
    between ihe central government and component
    units

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